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雅思考试中遇到生词怎么办

澳洲啦 雅思 2020-07-30 02:01:00 101 0 雅思

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  不管你的雅思词汇量再多,也有可能在雅思考试时遇上不认识的单词,那么下面就和澳洲啦的小编一起来看看雅思考试中遇到生词怎么办?

  雅思阅读猜题技巧一. 利用因果关系

  因果关系也可以用于猜单词,大家要有意识地利用起来,尤其是在一些包含生词的因果关系句子中,我们可以利用“因”和“果”互相解释这一特点来进行生词的推断。我们来看下面这两个例题:

  【例题1】(第5题)

  Classify the following as typical of

  A both Chinese and Japanese pagodas

  B only Chinese pagodas

  C only Japanese pagodas

  Write the correct letter, A, B or C, in boxes 5-10 on your answer sheet.

  5 easy interior access to top

  6 tiles on eaves

  7 use as observation post

  8 size of eaves up to half the width of the building

  9 original religious purpose

  10 floors fitting loosely over each other

  【原文】

  The Chinese built their pagodas in brick or stone, with inner staircases, and used them in later centuries mainly as  the pagoda reached Japan, however, its architecture was freely adapted to local conditions - they were built less high, typically five rather than nine storeys, made mainly of wood and the staircase was dispensed with because the Japanese pagoda did not have any practical use but became more of an art object.

  【分析】

  这是出自C7T2R1的一个句子。本句话中,很多同学是不认识dispense with这个词组的,但是我们发现后面有一个原因状语从句来对其进行解释,我们可以利用这个原因来进行推断:楼梯是被dispensed with了,因为日本宝塔是没有实际用途的而是变成了一个艺术品。结合前面的一个句子:中国宝塔有内部楼梯。因此可以推测日本的楼梯是被去除了,所以be dispensed with的意思是“被去除”

  雅思阅读猜题技巧二.根据定义猜测词义

  如果生词是句子或段落所解释的定义,理解句子或段落本身就是推断词义。

  例如: anthropology is the scientific study of man。

  由定义可知,anthropology就是“研究人类的科学”。  In slang the term "jam" constitutes a state of being in which a personfinds himself or herself in a difficult situation。

  同样,从上下文的定义可知jam一词在俚语中的意思是“困境”。定义句的谓语动词多为:be, mean, deal with, beconsidered, to be, refer to, be called, be known as, define, represent, signify,constitute等。

  

  

  

  

  

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